Turmeric Farming, Planting, Care, Harvsting Guide
Farmers colleagues, from the scientific point of view, the proper time to plant turmeric ginger is 15 March to 15 April, but if you have not planted it, there is still time and you can plant it. At this time, by applying turmeric, the plants grow until it rains and shade starts to occur due to the leaves from the pile. Due to which weeds grow less. Both turmeric and ginger do not require much direct sunlight, so it can be planted in gardens as an endocrine crop. It is worth noting here that when we as an intercultural crop in gardens When planting these crops, give separate quantity of fertilizer to the plants.
The most suitable species of turmeric: The most suitable species of turmeric is Rajendra Sonia, Pant Pitabh etc. and ginger species are Maran, Rio de Janeiro and other local species.
Preparation of fields and fertilizers and fertilizers: Because both crops are very high-dose crops, take special care of their nutrition while preparing the field. Preparation of the field While preparing the field, mix 150 to 175 quintal dung manure per acre in the soil at the time of final plowing. Along with this, mix 75 kg DAP and 50 kg Potash per acre in the field before sowing. Topdressing 25 kg urea after 50 to 55 days and 25 kg urea after 70 to 75 days in the standing crop.
Turmeric Ginger Seed Bubai: Turmeric ginger seed Bubai Turmeric ginger seed should be germinated in it before Bubai. For this, cover the seeds with sacks in a shady place and keep the moisture. After about a week, germination comes out in it. Sow the sprouted seeds after treating them in a solution of 1% Carbendazim for 20 minutes. The sowing is similar to that of potato sowing and the distance from line to line is 45 to 50 cm and between plant to plant at the time of sowing. Sow with a distance of 20 to 25 centimeters. After sowing, the soil is leveled and the mulch of dried leaves is spread. It also does not cause moisture loss and germination also becomes better.
Irrigation and weeding - hoeing: Good quality seeds of turmeric and ginger can be obtained from Pantnagar University, Indian Vegetable Research Institute, Varanasi, State Research Center, Baruasagar, Jhansi, Basti, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Research Centers or progressive farmers. After germination, irrigate should be done once on 25 to 30 days and weeding should be done on 50 to 55 days and soil should be planted on the roots of the plants. Weeding - Give the first dose of 25 kg of urea to the soil at the time of kneading. During the monsoon, intermittent rains do not require much irrigation.
Disease and its prevention: Ginger has a disease called Rhizome Rat. Therefore, apply ginger in soil where the water is low and as far as possible, apply it on the ridges. When the crop is 30 to 40 days old, ginger tubers should be drenched in 1 gram of carbendazim and decimal five (0.5) gram strepto cyclein solution to prevent rotting.
Turmeric brings a lot of leaf spot disease in the rainy month i.e. August-September. To prevent this, cut the affected leaves and destroy them away from the field. Spray a mild insecticidal solution called 2.5 g of Diethin Am 45 in the standing crop. Add a sticker (adhesive material) such as sandovate or tritone to this solution. Or 1 l. First, whisk the gum in 5 liters of water and then mix it in mildew solution. The solution does not stop on turmeric leaves, adding a sticker will stop the solution and its effect on the disease will also be complete.
Source: Kisan Help