Amla An important fruit of Rainfed areas
The aonla popularly known as amla is one of the most important minor fruits and a crop of commercial significance. It is quite hardy, prolific bearer and much remunerative even without much care. It is also known as Indian gooseberry amlaki, amla, amia, amali, ambala, nelli,etc. Its importance lies in its high richness of vitamin C. It is the second highest source of vitamin C among fruits next only to Barbados cherry which is not grown in India.
Aonla ( amla ) is believed to have been originated in tropical, south eastern Asia, particularly in central and southern. India. It is also reported to be the native of India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia where it grows well and is found growing in wild form.
In India, its commercial cultivation is done in Uttar Pradesh. Pratapgarh, Varanasi, Azamgarh, Sultanpur, etc. are the famous amla growing districts of Uttar Pradesh whereas, in Jammu province it performs well in rainfed areas.USES AND COMPOSITION
Amla fruit is very rich in vitamin C and pectin, therefore, regarded very important for medicinal value in Ayurvedics. Undoubtedly, amla is the richest natural source of vitamin C in India. A tannin, containing garlic acid, ellagic acid and glucose in its molecule, which is naturally present in the fruit prevents or retards the oxidation of vitamin C and renders it as a valuable antiscorbutic in the fresh as well as in the dried and processed condition. The fruits are made into preserve (murabba), sauce, candy, dried chips, tablets, jellies, pickles, tophies, dried aonla fruits, etc. The amla powder is superior to synthetic vitamin C in treating deficiencies.
The fruit is also useful in haemorrahages, diarrhoea, dysentery, anaemia, jaundice, dyspepsia and cough. It is an important ingredient of ‘Triphala’ and ‘Chawanprash’ in Ayurvedic medicines. It is also used in the preparation of ink, hair dyes, hair oils etc. It is a great health and vitality restorer.Continue Reading